동사 어간 ‘보-’의 문법화


The Grammaticalization of a Verb Stem ‘po-’

김경열, 배영환

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The purpose of this article is to examine the various forms of ‘pota’ and then to examine the its grammaticalization process and features. The grammaticalization process was divided into three categories such as 'generalization of meaning, abstraction of meaning, and acquisition of grammatical meaning'. Furthermore, based on such categories, the grammaticalization degree and characteristics of ‘pota’ were also examined. As the grammarization process of ‘pota’ is radioactive, it cannot be set as a regular grammarization process, and it is used in a variety of ways such as main verb, auxiliary verb/clitics construction, and postpositional particle/adverb. The meaning of the verb ‘pota’ is generalized from the meaning of ‘見’ to the meaning of sensory behavior and sensory perception. Later, as the stage on abstraction of meaning was passed through, the verb ‘pota’ lost the meaning of '見' and it has been used as an auxiliary verb or clitics construction. Furthermore, the verb ‘pota’ becomes grammaticalization as the comparison postpositional particle ‘pota’ and the adverb ‘pota’ in charge of grammatical functions.


1. 서론
2. 동사 ‘보다’의 문법화 과정
3. ‘보다’의 문법화 정도와 특성
4. 결론


  • 김경열 Kim, Gyeong-yeol. 충북대학교 사범대학 국어교육과
  • 배영환 제주대학교


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