if절의 문장 내 분포


On the Distribution of the if-clause in a Sentence


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This paper examines the positioning and boundness of if-clauses in relation to main clauses. Based on Chafe (1984), if-clauses are divided into four types: Type A (preposed bound), Type B (postposed bound), Type C (preposed free), Type D (postposed free). A total of 200 if-clauses were analysed using academic writings and spoken data in COCA in order to represent written English and spoken English. The results showed that Type C is the most typical use of if-clauses and that Type B is used relatively frequently. Type A and Type D were hardly used, and particularly, Type D was not found in written English. Thus, preposed if-clauses tend to be free from the main clause with the comma or the pause, while postposed if-clauses tend to be bound to main clauses without the comma or the pause. Spoken English showed a stronger tendency for typical preposed and free if-clauses, and postposed bound if-clauses were used more frequently in written English. In line with Chafe (1984), preposed free if-clauses are shown to function as guideposts signaling an orientation for the information in the main clause. Postposed bound if-clauses tend to convey new information while main clauses express given information. However, some postposed bound if-clauses were found to add something as afterthoughts to the assertion made in the main clause. (2005).


I. 서론
II. 영어 부사절과 if절에 대한 의미화용적 연구
1. 부사절
2. if절
III. if절의 분석
1. 자료 분석
2. 분석 결과 및 논의
IV. 결론
Works Cited


  • 박태숙 Park, Tae-Sook. 상명대학교


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