국회에서의 입법영향분석의 필요성과 방법


Evaluation of Legislation at the National Assembly: Necessity and Way


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There are increasing voices arguing to establish a system for evaluating the impact of legislation, especially on the bills proposed by Members of the National Assembly. The necessity of the evaluation of legislation at the National Assembly can be summarized as follows: To enhance the quality of the bill proposed by Members; To reduce various regulatory barriers and enhance the quality of regulations; To improve the legitimacy of legislation and legislative body. This paper also discusses on the way to institutionalize the evaluation of legislation at the National Assembly. It proposes a deliberate and step-by-step approach since Members can doubt that the evaluation system may become a barrier against Members active bill proposing initiatives. This paper also presents a practical way and procedure of impact analysis on the legislation, in ex-ante and in ex-post.


Ⅰ. 머리말
 Ⅱ. 국회에서의 입법영향분석의 필요성
  1. 의원입법의 질적 제고
  2. 규제법률의 품질 제고
  3. 입법부의 책임성과 정당성 제고
 Ⅲ. 입법영향분석의 정의ㆍ목적ㆍ유형
  1. 정의
  2. 목적과 기대효과
  3. 유형
 Ⅳ 해외 사례: 입법영향분석의 주체와 대상을 중심으로
  1. 독일
  2. 스위스
  3. 프랑스
  4. 미국(규제영향평가)
  5. 영국(규제영향평가)
 Ⅴ. 국회에 입법영향분석을 도입하는 방안
  1. 입법영향분석 도입시 주요 고려사항
  2. 입법영향분석 도입 및 제도화 방안: 하나의 아이디어
  4. 입법영향분석 어떻게 할 것인가?
 Ⅵ. 맺는 말


  • 김준 Kim, Jun. 국회입법조사처 환경노동팀장


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