무리행동과 지각된 유용성이 이러닝 컨텐츠 구매의도에 미치는 영향: 구매경험에 의한 비교분석


The Effect of Herding Behavior and Perceived Usefulness on Intention to Purchase e-Learning Content: Comparison Analysis by Purchase Experience

유철우, 김용진, 문정훈, 최영찬

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Consumers of e-learning market differ from those of other markets in that they are replaced in a specific time scale. For example, e-learning contents aimed at highschool senior students cannot be consumed by a specific consumer over the designated period of time. Hence e-learning service providers need to attract new groups of students every year. Due to lack of information on products designed for continuously emerging consumers, the consumers face difficulties in making rational decisions in a short time period. Increased uncertainty of product purchase leads customers to herding behaviors to obtain information of the product from others and imitate them. Taking into consideration of these features of e-learning market, this study will focus on the online herding behavior in purchasing e-learning contents.There is no definite concept for e-learning. However, it is being discussed in a wide range of perspectives from educational engineering to management to e-business etc. Based upon the existing studies, we identify two main view-points regarding e-learning. The first defines e-learning as a concept that includes existing terminologies, such as CBT (Computer Based Training), WBT (Web Based Training), and IBT (Internet Based Training). In this view, e-learning utilizes IT in order to support professors and a part of or entire education systems. In the second perspective, e-learning is defined as the usage of Internet technology to deliver diverse intelligence and achievement enhancing solutions. In other words, only the educations that are done through the Internet and network can be classified as e-learning. We take the second definition of e-learning for our working definition. The main goal of this study is to investigate what factors affect consumer intention to purchase e-learning contents and to identify the differential impact of the factors between consumers with purchase experience and those without the experience. To accomplish the goal of this study, it focuses on herding behavior and perceived usefulness as antecedents to behavioral intention. The proposed research model in the study extends the Technology Acceptance Model by adding herding behavior and usability to take into account the unique characteristics of e-learning content market and e-learning systems use, respectively. The current study also includes consumer experience with e-learning content purchase because the previous experience is believed to affect purchasing intention when consumers buy experience goods or services. Previous studies on e-learning did not consider the characteristics of e-learning contents market and the differential impact of consumer experience on the relationship between the antecedents and behavioral intention, which is the target of this study. This study employs a survey method to empirically test the proposed research model. A survey questionnaire was developed and distributed to 629 informants. 528 responses were collected, which consist of potential customer group (n = 133) and experienced customer group (n = 395). The data were analyzed using PLS method, a structural equation modeling method. Overall, both herding behavior and perceived usefulness influence consumer intention to purchase e-learning contents. In detail, in the case of potential customer group, herding behavior has stronger effect on purchase intention than does perceived usefulness. However, in the case of shopping-experienced customer group, perceived usefulness has stronger effect than does herding behavior. In sum, the results of the analysis show that with regard to purchasing experience, perceived usefulness and herding behavior had differential effects upon the purchase of e-learning contents.As a follow-up analysis, the interaction effects of the number of purchase transaction and herding behav-ior/perceived usefulness on purchase intention were investigated. The results show that there are no inter-action effects.This study contributes to the literature in a couple of ways. From a theoretical perspective, this study examined and showed evidence that the characteristics of e-learning market such as continuous renewal of consumers and thus high uncertainty and individual experiences are important factors to be considered when the purchase intention of e-leraning content is studied. This study can be used as a basis for future studies on e-learning success. From a practical perspective, this study provides several important implications on what types of marketing strategies e-learning companies need to build. The bottom lines of these strategies include target group attraction, word-of-mouth management, enhancement of web site usability quality, etc. The limitations of this study are also discussed for future studies.


 Ⅰ. 서 론
 Ⅱ. 이론적 배경
  2.1 무리행동(Herding Behavior)
  2.2 명성(Reputation), 클러스터링(Clustering), 구전효과(Wordof-Mouth)에 관한 연구
  2.3 지각된 유용성(PerceivedUsefulness)
  2.4 사용성(Usability)
 Ⅲ. 연구모형과 가설 설정
  3.1 연구모형
  3.2 연구가설
  3.3 측정방법
 Ⅳ. 결과분석
  4.1 기술 통계 및 분석 도구 설정
  4.2.2 내적 일관성 검증
  4.2.3 수렴 타당성(convergent validity)및 판별 타당성(discriminantvalidity) 검증
  4.2.4 연구모델 검증
  4.2.5 구매경험 횟수의 조절효과 분석
 Ⅴ. 토의 및 결론
 참 고 문 헌


  • 유철우 Chul Woo Yoo. 서울대학교 지역정보 석사과정
  • 김용진 Yong Jin Kim. 서강대학교 경영대학 부교수
  • 문정훈 Junghoon Moon. 한국정보통신대학교 IT경영학부 조교수
  • 최영찬 Young Chan Choe. 서울대학교 지역정보 교수


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