인구학적 요인 및 응급의료시스템 요인에 따른 119구급 서비스 이송 분석 연구


Analysis of 119 emergency medical service patient transfer according to demographic and emergency medical system factors

김민희, 문준동

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Purpose: To analyze trends related to demography and EMS and to provide supporting data for the appropriate deployment of EMS providers. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data on patients transported by 119 EMS, demographics, and EMS factors were collected using the Korean Statistical Information Service (KOSIS) and the National Fire Agency annual report from 2017 to 2021. Results: During the study period, the total number of patients and those with severe disorders transported via 119 EMS showed an increasing trend. The total fertility rate and population during the same period tended to decrease, and the population density and number of households increased; however, there was a disparity between regions. The main demographic factors affecting the number of patients transported were population density and total fertility rate, while the main EMS factors were the number of ambulances and provision of emergency medical information services(hospital guidance, pharmacy information, and first aid guidance). Conclusion: From the perspective of EMS providers’ force deployment, it is necessary to consider population density, population, number of households, total fertility rate, and number of emergency medical institutions and to strengthen the role of diverting the use of 119 EMS by minor patients by providing emergency medical information.


= Abstract =
Ⅰ. 서론
Ⅱ. 연구방법
1. 연구설계
2. 연구 대상
3. 자료수집 방법
4. 통계분석 방법
Ⅲ. 연구결과
1. 119구급 서비스 이송 변화 추이
2. 인구학적 요인 변화 추이
3. 응급의료시스템 요인 변화 추이
4. 119구급 서비스 이송 환자 수와 인구학적 요인과의 상관관계
5. 인구학적 요인이 119구급 서비스 이송 환자 수에 미치는 영향
6. 119구급 서비스 이송 환자 수와 응급의료시스템 요인과의 상관관계
7. 응급의료시스템 요인이 119구급 서비스 이송 환자 수에 미치는 영향
Ⅳ. 고찰
Ⅴ. 결론


  • 김민희 Min-Hee Kim. 국립소방연구원 소방정책연구실 구급대원
  • 문준동 Jun-Dong Moon. 공주대학교 응급구조학과 교수


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