Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) water was first introduced in Japan in 1987, and its antibacterial properties were first reported in 1992. HOCl water is utilized to promote public health all over the world, and it has only lately begun to be used in agriculture and livestock production. It is usually produced by an electrolysis method. Low pH, high oxidation-reduction potential, high available chlorine concentration, and high dissolved oxygen concentration are all common properties of HOCl. Moreover, the property of HOCl water is affected by electrolysis factors such as concentrations of sodium chloride or hydrochloric acid as an additive, voltage, water flow velocity, and electric current. Recently, a mixing-type of HOCl disinfectant (Hydrogen Mineral Disinfectant, HMD) water has been developed and started to be used in agriculture and livestock farming due to numerous advantages such as high-concentration of chlorine, and large capacity of production, long-lasting storage, low level of harmful material, and easy handling. HMD has gained popularity as a disinfectant in agriculture, dentistry, medical, and the food business in recent years. It's been proved to be a good antibacterial for cutting boards. Numerous studies have shown that mixing-type disinfectant is more readily available than electrolyzed disinfectant for use in a variety of industries including pesticide-free organic farming, aquaculture, fish farming, cattle breeding, and food contact surfaces. Furthermore, drinking high concentration HOCl water (free active chlorine 50 ppm) is highly effective for preventing diarrheal disease, decreasing mortality, improving growth rate of broiler chickens and cows, and decreasing fecal stink and ammonia in the livestock breeding house. Therefore, in our current review we would like to introduce mixing type HMD, a new concept of disinfectant, and expand its usage in sustainable development in agriculture and livestock farming.
Characteristics of HMD
Application of HOCl in Agriculture
Application of HOCl for Livestock and Poultry Production