The purpose of this study is to examine the spatial characteristics of violent and burglary crimes in South Korea. Violent crimes and burglary crimes depend on a spatial setting with good conditions for their criminal purposes. This study defines population density, racial heterogeneity, types of houses, and density of commercial facilities as variables of place affecting crime in cities and counties. The study collects data from 229 cities in Korea to analyze the effect of spatial characteristics on crime. We conduct additional analyses to meet the statistical requisites of the spatial econometrics model using the open-source software R and GeoDa 18.104.22.168. From the analytical result, population density, racial heterogeneity, apartments, and commercial areas relate to crime occurrence. We suggest the implication of the theoretical and practical contributions to the relationship between place and crime.
2. VARIABLES AND DATA
3. ANALYSIS AND RESULTS