독립운동 범주 설정의 쟁점과 과제


Controversial Issue and Assignment in Setting the Category of the Korean Independent Movement


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In this paper, I attempted to examine how academia and the government have set up the categories of the independence movement and what issues and tasks there are. The research results are as follows. The establishment of the category of the independence movement in academia started with the 10th volume of History of the Korean independence movements published by the Operation Committee for the Foundation for the People of Independence Merit in 1970. After that, a Lecture on the History of the Korean Independence Movement was published based on this in 1998. This book sets more detailed and specific categories. The category of independence movement based on the Lecture on the History of Korean Independence Movement influenced the establishment of the field of independence movement defined by the government. According to the category of independence movement represented by the academia; the army raised in the cause of justice, the Patriotic Enlightenment Movement, the March 1st Movement, the patriotic struggle, domestic anti-Japanese, the student movement, the national cultural movement, the Manchuria/ Noryeong direction, the Provisional Government/China direction, the Korean Liberation Army, and the Japanese direction. The Americas, and support for the independence movement (foreigners), and so forth. However, according to this setting, the resistance movement of Koreans against the Japanese imperial policy from 1895 (乙未義兵) to 1945 cannot be included. Currently, these cases are defined as unclear the nature of the independence movement. However, the resistance movement against the Japanese imperial policy harmed the establishment of the Japanese imperial system in Korea. Therefore, it was a resistance movement with anti-imperialist and nationalist characteristics. The struggle for the tax on saltern in 1907 and the incident that occurred at the rehabilitation center in Sorokdo during the Japanese colonial period, which we looked at in Chapter 3, were resistance movements that had a bad influence on Japanese imperialism policies, and showed anti-imperialist and nationalistic characteristics. According to this, we need to break away from the category setting of the independence movement stipulated since 1970 and discuss the category setting of the independence movement more actively. This paper argues that the identity of the Republic of Korea today was formed by many Koreans who resisted Japanese imperialism after the Eulmi Uibyeong (乙未義兵) in 1895.


본고에서는 학계와 정부에서 독립운동 범주에 대해 어떻게 설정 하고 있으며 쟁점과 과제가 무엇인지에 대해 살펴보고자 하였다. 연구결과는 다음과 같다. 학계에서 독립운동 범주 설정은 1970년 독립유공자사업기금 운영위원회에서 펴낸 󰡔독립운동사󰡕 10권에서부터 시작되었다. 이후 1998년 󰡔한국독립운동사 강의󰡕가 여기에 기초하여 출간되었 다. 이 책은 보다 더 세부적이고 구체적인 범주를 설정하였다.


Ⅰ. 서론
Ⅱ. 독립운동 범주
Ⅲ. 미포상사례를 통해 본 독립운동 범주 설정의 쟁점
Ⅳ. 결론: 독립운동 범주 설정의 과제


  • 윤정란 Youn, Jung-Ran. 숭실대학교 한국기독교문화연구원 조교수


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