This study is aimed at exploring the direction of legislative support in developing countries in the field of climate technology. The direction of related legislative support can be specified when international trends on technology transfer and technical cooperation in developing countries are identified. Thus, the climate technology trends and the mechanism of supporting developing countries of UNFCCCC were analyzed. By this way, a system for identifying legislative needs in developing countries could be established. The most effective method is to conduct a demand survey of developing countries' governments and climate technology experts. However, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Technical Needs Assessment for Climate Change at the UNDP, and the analysis of the results of the Climate Needs Assessment were also valid. It can be considered that developing countries identify national priorities for mitigation and adaptation technologies. It will be important to check the technical areas of major partner countries and to see if there are related laws through analysis of climate technology cooperation projects promoted by developing countries and Korea. In addition, if domestic companies participating in overseas climate change projects had difficulties in their projects to developing countries due to insufficient legislation, the insufficient scope of such legislation would be an area of legal support for developing countries. A consultative body will be formed with experts from the countries to be dispatched and experts who participated in the project to discuss the priority of the country, but the system can be oriented to maintain a steady understanding of the legal needs of officials and project managers in developing countries through the network. When providing legislative support, it is desirable to present promotion laws and regulatory laws related to detailed technologies by comprehensively considering the basic environmental laws, environmental policies, and political systems of developing countries. In particular, laws and systems have been developing for decades, so the approach to passing on best-fit, not best practices, will be valid. At this point, it would be most realistic to analyze legislation suitable for the technology of the country and accumulate such data in connection with the Korea Climate Technology Cooperation Project. And the process of getting developing countries to ask for demand on the legal system should also be made in the mid- to long-term. International organizations and state-run research institutes are also working on master plans related to climate change policies. However, simple national reports often apply only to introductions of legislation or ideal improvements. Efforts should be made to provide legal support for the central government's enactment of the law and the revision of local government's ordinances in which the project is underway.
Ⅱ. Climate Technologies Under the UNFCCC and Assistance for Developing Countries
1. The CTCN’s Assistance Mechanism for Developing Countries
2. Climate Change and Gender
3. Capacity Building and Climate Change
III. Legal and Institutional Needs of Developing Countries Related to Climate Technology
Ⅳ. Direction of Legal and Institutional Assistance to Developing Countries