Subjectivity on Patient Safety Recognized by Inpatients



The purpose of this study is to identify the subjectivity of patient and describe the characteristics of each type to understand the categorization of types on patient safety. Q methodology was applied to the study. A total of 40 patients admitted to the S hospital in Seoul were asked to categorize 33 statements on patient safety. The collected data was analyzed using QUANL PC Program. After analysis, patient safety as perceived by the admitted patient was categorized into 6 types. The types were as follows: Type 1 ‘Those who note adequate patient safety’, Type 2 ‘Those who consider preventive safety to be lacking’ Type 3 ‘Those who see the evaluation criteria to be met’, Type 4 ‘Those who see the facility safety to be lacking’, Type 5 ‘Those who find the patient and facility safety to be adequate’, Type 6 ‘Those who see patient support to be lacking’. The study provides a basic set of data for developing mediation measures needed to identify the direction in which patient safety should be promoted.


1. Introduction
1.1 The Need for the Study
1.2 The Purpose of the Study
2. Study Methodology
2.1 Study Design
2.2 Study Procedure
3. Results
3.1 Category Analysis
3.2 Analysis of Each Type
4. Discussion
5. Conclusion


  • HoYeon Lee Director, Dept. of Nursing, Seoul Medical Center, Korea
  • SunYoung Jang Associate Professor, Dept. of Nursing, Hanseo University, Korea
  • MeeSuk Wang 3Associate Professor, Dept. of Nursing, Hanseo University, Korea


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