『日本書紀』の表記字「言」について - 発話引用に用いるものを中心に -


A Study of ‘言’ in The Nihonshoki


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The book of The NIHONSHOKI was completed in AD.720 years. This book is regarded as the first written history book of Japan form the origin tale to the Jito Tenno emperor. Because it is a history book, there are presented various kinds of people and many contents to describe speech act of the characters of the people in the book. To deal with the characters’ speech act there are used of many kinds of Kanji notations such as “曰․言․云․謂”. Even though they is letter to express the meaning of “say”, the writer would have chosen the kanji according to certain criteria. In this article, we firstly outlined the use of situation of “言”, and then focusing on the examples used for utterance quotations considered three angles of the usage of “言” which are the form of utterance citation, the subject who spoke and the vertical relationship between the spoken subject and the object. We also examined how the usage of “言” differs from ‘曰’ which is already discussed. “言” are used as verbs and nouns, when “言” used as verbs can be further categorized into quotations and epics. However there is not found as noun and epic in the usage of “曰”. “言”. For Conversation quotation “言” is not used in quoting the emperor's utterance, but “曰” has no such restriction. “言” is used for quoting conversation to a superior person. but “曰” is used for quoting conversation to Same level and inferior person.


1. はじめに
2. 先行研究
2.1 辞書による意味と用法
2.2 中国の先行研究
2.3 日本の先行研究
3. 「言」の使用概観
4. 発話引用の「言」
4.1 発話引用形式
4.2 発話主体の角度から
4.3 発話主体と発話対象の上下関係
5. おわりに


  • 金連花 김연화. 中国燕山大學外国語学院 講師 釜山大学博士課程修了


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