In the 1980s when ‘people poems’ and ‘misty poems’ as a form of engagement prevailed, death-related poems by Gi Hyeong-do and Hai Zi were written based on their extremely personal experiences and perception of “death” and were an exception differentiated from the mainstream literary trend at that time. On the contrary, however, their unique perception of death and subject formation played an important role in inspiring various literary trends of the 1990s. The two poets were common in not only playing the role of a bridge linking the 1980s and the 1990s in the history of literature but also searching, from nature, for an answer to the problem of deliverance. While Gi Hyeong-do contributed to formation of his own unique subject through perception on “death” in Korea in the transition period between the 1980s and the 1990s, Hai Zi, among the poets having left ‘misty poems,’ popular in the 1980s, for the ‘3rd Cenozoic Era’ , also revealed, through the theme of ‘death,’ a transcendent subject desiring to be united with God. Gi Hyeong-do, raised in the city, did not have experiences with nature but believed in its possibilities. Meanwhile, it seems that Hai Zi, raised in the countryside, seems certain of deliverance by the land. Gi Hyeong-do perceived the shadow of death through others, and Hai Zi identified himself with genius artists and engineered his own death in his own religious worldview. Their perception of ‘death’ started from personal experiences and senses, but in that the foregoing revealed signs of the coming 1990s, their inquiry into ‘death’ will be the key to comprehending an era.
Ⅱ. 민중시와 몽롱시 이후의 또 다른 시적 주체의 형성
Ⅲ. 기형도: 타자를 통한 죽음 예감과 자연을 통한 구원
Ⅳ. 하이즈: 제의적인 죽음과 대지로부터의 부활