Exercise has long been recognized as an effective physiological stimulus for diverse metabolic adaptations of the body, leading to improved health and exercise performance. The metabolic effects of exercise not only occur during and after a single bout of exercise, but become more evident in the accumulated adaptive response to repetitive exercise. Studies on the positive effects of exercise have typically been performed with an emphasis on the synthesis of metabolic proteins. Recently, however, there is a growing interest in information on the reuse of cellular components related to apoptosis and autophagy. Therefore, this study aims to provide information on apoptosis and autophagy in response to exercise.