Culture Convergence (CC)

The Effect of the Health Control Behavior of the Elderly on the Emotional Happiness


Eui-young Cho, Jung-ae Kim

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of health control behaviors on the emotional happiness of the elderly. Among the survey instruments used in this study, emotional hapiness was the tool developed by Watson et al., 1978, and health control behavior was used by tools developed by Wallston et al., in 1988. Health control behaviors consist of three sub-factors: other health control behavior, accidental health control behavior, and internal health control behavior. The data collection period was collected from June 20 to July 5, 2018. A total of 152 participants were enrolled from 65 to 85 years old and were collected from six provinces of Korea (Seoul, Gangwon Province, Gyeongsang Province, Jeolla Province, Chungcheong Province, Gyeonggi Province) as much as possible .As a result of the analysis of demographic characteristics, the number of elderly people couple living was 47.4%, living alone was 21.1%, the number of people living with a couple and their children was 13.8%, the others were 10.5%. Based on the above results, 21.1% were living alone as an elderly person. And people who the highest monthly income of less than 1 million won was 36.8%, the usual meal type, 94.7% were very much eaten with vegetarianism smoking and drinking alcohol, and 94.7% did not smoke and 73.7% drank alcohol. In conclusion, Multiple regression analysis of health control behaviors on emotional happiness showed that health control behaviors had a 15% effect on emotional happiness. The following suggestions were made through the results of this study. First, the monthly income of the elderly is very low to maintain health, Second, the health of elderly people was maintained through friends and meetings. Based on these results, it should be used as a basic data for the program for the emotional happiness of the elderly


 1. Introduction
 2. Research Method
  2.1. Research design
  2.2. Research tool
 3. Result
  3.1. General characteristics
  3.2. Correlation between emotional happiness and health control behaviors
  3.3. The Effect of Income level on Emotional Happiness (Dummy analysis)
  3.4. The Effects of Health Control Behavior on Emotional Happiness
 4. Conclusion


  • Eui-young Cho Nursing Department , Paichai University, Korea
  • Jung-ae Kim Nursing Department, Chodang University, Korea


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