Martin Luther's View of Man and Christian Educational Implication


Chang, Hwa Seon

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This article aims to discuss Martin Luther(1483~1546)'s theory of education in light of the reformed Christian education at the 500th anniversary of the Reformation. In order to discuss Luther's theory of education, this article deals with Luther's views of man and educational thought, and Luther's education respectively from the Reformed theological viewpoints. He understood man as God's creature, fallen being, being to be saved and total being. His understanding of a man is contrast to Desiderius Erasmus(1466~1536). That is discussed in the theological aspect. Luther's thesis of education is that education is the act of God, and God acts in education. Christian educational implications on the basis of Luther's view of man are as follows. His aim of education is to restore the image of God which is lost in the Fall and to glorify God in Christ. The contents of education is primarily the Bible and the main thesis is Christ. Luther understood teacher as a servant of God, a witness of the Gospel, who had a noble tasks. To Luther, young learner is an innocent and a care-free mind, and is in the right relationship with God. This article clarifies that educational implications according to Luther's view of man provide the basis of reformed Christian education today.


I. Introduction
 II. Luther's view of Man
  1. God's creature
  2. Fallen being
  3. Being to be saved
  4. Total Being
 III. Comparison of Luther’s View of Man with Erasmus’ View of Man
 IV. Luther’s Educational Thought
  1. Contents on Educational Thought
  2. Educational Thesis
 V. Christian Educational Implication
  1. Reformed Theology
  2. Christian Educational Implication
 VI. Conclusion


  • Chang, Hwa Seon 장화선. Anyang University


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