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논문검색

中国短期留学归国人员的逆向文化休克研究

원문정보

A Study on the Short-term Chinese Returnees’ Reverse Culture Shock

중국단기유학귀국인원적역향문화휴극연구

蒋云斗, 刘杨

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초록

영어

During their sojourn in host countries, individuals who are studying abroad must encounter the culture shock, defined as a state of anxiety and frustration resulting from their immersion in a culture distinctly different from their own. After going through the culture shock, they can gradually adapt to the cultural and social environments in host countries, and even establish identification with host environments to a certain degree. When these individuals return to their own countries, they are still exposed to a new type of culture shock, which is termed reverse culture shock. The reverse culture shock, which refers to the difficulties returning individuals may face upon re-entering their own culture, is considered as the extension of these sojourners’ intercultural adjustment beyond their leaving of host countries. Returnees who are subject to reverse culture shock have to re-adapt to their home cultures. If the reverse culture shock lingers too long, it definitely will jeopardize returnees psychologically and functionally. Therefore, the negative impact of reverse culture shock cannot be underestimated or ignored. In this context, it is of great importance for relevant institutions to recognize the value of providing social support to returnees in a systematic way, and offering psychological intervention when necessary. By doing so, it is hoped to weaken the side effect of reverse culture shock on returnees. Since the implementation of the Reform and Opening-up Policy in the 1970s, China has witnessed the year-on-year increase in the number of people who study abroad. With the improvement of China’s national strength on the global stage, more and more Chinese people have chosen to return to China upon the completion of their study abroad. By the end of 2016, there have been nearly 2.7 million Chinese people who returned to China after finishing their studies abroad, occupying 82.23% of total number of people who study abroad. Among all types of returnees, short-term returnees’ reverse culture shock has not received adequate scholarly attention. For this reason, it is worthwhile to study Chinese short-term returnees’ reverse culture shock. In order to fill this gap, this paper conducted systematic analysis of short-term Chinese returnees’ reverse culture shock caused by their return to China. Factors which contribute to these returnees’ reverse culture shock were mapped out, including self-managing capability, communicative capability, personal traits, second language proficiency, age, length of sojourn, preparation to return, and cultural differences. Finally, practical suggestions on how to deal with reverse culture shock were offered.

목차

Abstract
 1. 中国短期留学人员派出及归国情况分析
 2. 逆向文化休克
 3. 短期留学人员归国后的逆向文化休克的要因
  3.1 内部因素
  3.2 外部因素
 4. 解决对策
  4.1 认真排查
  4.2 积极引导
  4.3 参加活动。
  4.4 心理治疗干预。
 结语
 参考文献
 About the Authors

저자정보

  • 蒋云斗 장운두. 国际商务外语学院, 东北财经大学
  • 刘杨 류양. 英语学院, 北京外国语大学

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