Explicit Knowledge of Rules and Accuracy in Using English Articles


관사 사용에 있어서 규칙 지식과 정확도

Tae-Sook Park

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This study investigates a relationship between explicit knowledge of rules and accuracy in article use for advanced Korean learners on a controlled methodology and a detailed classification system of articles. The purpose is to examine if teaching English article rules to L2 learners improves accuracy in their using articles. The participants were seventy-two college and graduate students. The students completed a fill-in-the-article test and a knowledge-of-rules test. The quantitative analyses of the data revealed that there is a significant correlation between rule knowledge and article use in an overall way. Specifically, explicit knowledge of rules and article accuracy were strongly correlated in the usages of ‘no article’ ∅ such as the zero article ∅1 in Type 1, 3, and 4 and the null article ∅2 in Conventional use. These findings suggest that formal instruction of articles is effective for advanced Korean learners. Teaching materials should be developed with a focus on the usages of ‘no article’ ∅. Teaching explicit article rules and providing sufficient exercises with the global context may contribute to improving advanced Korean learners’ accuracy in using articles.


I. Introduction
 II. Research Background
  1. Literature Review
  2. Classification of the English Articles
 III. Method
  1. Participants
  2. Instrument
  3. Procedure
  4. Data Analysis
 IV. Results
  1. Overall Rule Knowledge and Correlation
  2. Rule Knowledge and Correlation by Semantic Type
  3. Rule Knowledge and Correlation by Semantic Environment
  4. Rule Knowledge and Correlation by Article Type
 V. Discussion and Conclusion
 Works Cited


  • Tae-Sook Park 박태숙. Konkuk University


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