The Acquisition of Overlapping Reference by College Students


Kang, Nam-Kil

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The purpose of this paper is to show how English overlapping reference is acquired by Korean learners of English. First, we have provided an answer to the question of whether or not Korean learners of English lend support to the zero transfer position that learners have complete access to Universal Grammar. Korean learners in the study do entertain the hypothesis that learners look for similarities whenever they can find them but do not respect the zero transfer position. Second, the results of our experiment clearly indicate that Binding Condition B may be part of the innate endowment that Korean learners of English bring to the acquisition task. Third, we have argued in this paper that Korean learners do not predict the TSC effect in the acquisition of English overlapping reference. Fourth, we have argued that L2 learners will acquire pronominal binding first, which appears within the NP, then pronominal binding, which appears within the minimal S. Finally, we have contended that in the case of pronominal binding, the acquisition of overlapping reference in L2 English is affected by Principle B.


I. Introduction
 II. The So-called Overlapping Reference
 III. The Previous Analyses of Overlapping Reference
 IV. The Experiment of Overlapping Reference
  1. Subjects
  2. The Main Goals of Expenments
  3. Experiments for Reflexives and Pronouns
 V. Results and Discussion
 VI. Conclusion
 Works Cited
 A Questionnaire


  • Kang, Nam-Kil 강남길. Far East University


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