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논문검색

북중 국경무역의 추이 분석과 정책 방안

원문정보

Border Trade Analysis between North Korea and China and Policy Suggestion

김태황

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초록

영어

This paper aims to analyse the border trade betweenNorthKorea and China and to suggest revitalizing strategies for an economic cooperation in the east-northern Asia, bymeans of examining the current trade actualities at the level of Chinese provinces. The trade between North Korea and China is too much concentrated on some items round the three provinces in the east-nothern area of China. In particular, the export of North Korea including themineral fuels,mineral oils, bituminous substances andmineralwaxes gets to 40%of the amount. Even though the trade amount betweenNorthKorea and China is small and highly fluctuating due to politico-diplomatic issues, it’s necessary to revitalize the trade betweenNorth Korea and China and the trade South Korea and China so as to an economic balance development and a regional community development in the east-northern Asia. The border trade between North Korea and China should be diversified in the trade items and methods. By revitalizing the border trade, Chinawill be able to enlarge foreign market through increasing the demand of industrial production and consumption in North Korea. In long term, China could make an effective impacts to the industry structure change of North Korea. For North Korea, by revitalizing the border trade, it’s available to get the importantmotifs to change the production systemand the industry structure for an economic reformand openness in long term.

한국어

본고는북한과중국의성(省)별교역의현황과추이를고찰함으로써양자간무역구조를분석하고동북아경제공동체차원에서국경무역활성화방안을제시하고자한다.북중무역은동북3성을중심으로일부품목에편중되어있으며특히광물성연료,광물유(油),증류물,역청물질,광물성왁스등의수출비중은40%수준에이른다. 북중교역규모가적고정치외교적요인의영향에따라변동성이크지만북중교역과한중교역은동북아지역의경제적균형발전과지역공동체형성을촉진시킬수있도록활성화될수있을것이다.북중교역의중심이되는동북3성의대북교역의품목다변화와교역방식의다양화가필요하다.북한의교역구조는다국적이고복합적으로전환되어무연탄과철강수출에편중된중국의존구조에서전환되어야한다.중국은북중교역의활성화를통해북한의잠재적산업및소비수요를증대시킴으로써대외시장을확대할수있으며장기적으로는북한산업구조의변화에유효한영향력을끼칠수있다.북한은북중교역의활성화를통해생산체계와산업구조변화의동인을확보할수있으므로장기적경제개혁ㆍ개방에적극적으로활용하는것이유리할것이다.

목차

국문요약
 Ⅰ. 서론
 Ⅱ. 북중 국경무역 현황과 추이 분석
 Ⅲ. 중국의 성(省) 교역 추이와 전망
 Ⅳ. 정책 방안
 Ⅴ. 결론
 참고문헌
 ABSTRACT

저자정보

  • 김태황 KIM, Tae Hwang. 명지대학교 국제통상학과 교수

참고문헌

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