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영어 합성어의 인지적 분석 - 색채어 합성어를 중심으로 -


A Cognitive Analysis on the Compound Words in English


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In this paper, I discuss the cognitive analysis on the understanding of English compounds, especially focused on the compounds including the color terms. I deal with one of the word-formation process, that is, compounding process within the framework of Cognitive Linguistics(Langacker(1987), Lakoff and Turner(1989), Johnson(1987)) to suggest the cognitive analysis on the opaque meaning of the compound based on metaphor and metonymy system. I classify the compounds according to their morphological structures and their semantic structures. I discuss the meaning relations among the constituents composing the compound word. Of the many possible relations I suggest that we select one as primary understanding based on the Relevance Principle and Maxim of relevance. To understand the composite meaning of the compound, Metaphor and Metonymy system need to be introduced. To explain the specialized meaning of color-term compound, I used the conceptual metaphors such as QUALITY IS A COLOR, EMOTION IS A COLOR, SIGNAL IS A COLOR. and PURPOSE IS A COLOR etc.. I applied more specific conceptual metaphors GREEN IS NATURE for the individual cases of color-terms. In English, every color has its own metaphorical meaning, as well as conceptual metaphors associated with emotion, sentiment, and social situation. We can find the similarities and differences in Korean uses of color-term compounds.


1. 들어가는 말
 2. 영어 합성어
  2.1. 합성어의 품사와 통사구조
  2.2. 합성어의 의미유형
  2.3. 합성어의 이해
 3. 합성어의 은유적 이해
  3.1. 인지와 은유
  3.2. 은유와 합성어
  3.3. 색채어가 포함된 합성어의 은유적 이해
 4. 결론


  • 지인영 In-Young Jhee. 한국체육대학교


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