메이지(明治) 유신기 일본의 유학생 파견 연구


A Study on the Study-Abroad Policy in the Period of Meiji Restoration


전북사학회 전북사학 제49호 2016.10 pp.275-300
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Japanese students studying abroad in the Meiji period played the important role on the introduction of western knowledge and skills. The dispatching students type of studying abroad in the late Tokukawa divided into two by "who sent the students"; Bakuhu(幕府) or Bun(藩). Chōshū Domain(長州藩) sent students including Hirobumi Ito to England in 1863 and Satsuma Domain(薩摩藩) also dispatched students to England in 1866. On the other hand, There were students went overseas individually like Kusakabe Tarou(日下部太郞). The characteristics and phenomenon of the studying abroad policy can be divided into four periods. The first phase is between 1868 and 1872 when the number of students studying abroad were increasing and the government activity about dispatching students to foreign countries were very aggressive. The second phase is the period that there were restriction of the dispatching students to other countries by the rule, Taejungkwan which the government presented in 1873. The third phase was started in 1875 which 'the Rule on the students studying abroad by the Ministry of Education(文部省) was presented. The last forth phase was the period which the professional students appeared and 'The Rule on the Student studying abroad at government expense' was enacted. In conclusion, the studying abroad policy were supported or restricted through the internal response about the foreign country civilization.


Ⅰ. 머리말
 Ⅱ. 도쿠가와(德川) 시대 말기의 해외 유학
  1. 막부와 번에 의한 파견 유학
  2. 국가의식 고양과 개별적 유학 증가
 Ⅲ. 메이지(明治) 시기의 해외 유학
  1. 해외 유학의 증가(1868~1872)
  2. 유학생 제한 정책(1873~1874)
  3. ‘문부성대비유학생규칙’제정과 유학생의 질적 향상(1875~1881)
  4. ‘관비해외유학생 규칙’의 제정과 유학생의 전문화(1882~메이지 말기)
 Ⅲ. 맺음말


  • 김보림 Kim, Bo-Rim. 충북대학교 역사교육과 부교수


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