하이쿠적 가능성과 <글쓰기>-롤랑 바르트의 <마지막 강의>를 중심으로-


Possibilities of Haiku and ‘Writing’ - Based on Roland Barth’s ‘Last Lectures’ -


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A poem’s strength lies in its compressibility. As Paul Valery said, poetry can embody an epic in just a few notes. This kind of compressibility makes poetry easy to spread and by spreading practices intuitive power. Barthes concluded the base and the beginning of literature was within the potentials within the compressibility of words and emphasized it in his ‘Last Lectures’. Haiku also carries the same potential and is the starting point for short memo-like writing. However the short poetic writing of Haiku, as pointed by Barthes, is not exclusive to Japanese culture and is evident across many different cultures in a form of short poems or writings. The analysis of the literary image of Haiku and its philosophical evaluation discussed in Barthes’s ‘Last Lectures’ is required in the level of Barthes’s thought and literary theory research, but also in the level of research on consumption of haiku and its images. But in previous studies, philosophical implications of haiku and what is covered in the ‘Last Lectures’ has not been sufficiently discussed in earnest. This paper examines the major themes of ‘Haiku characteristics’ of literary theory in the ‘Last Lectures’ by Roland Barthes. And this is not the direct analysis of the haiku text, tried to analyze the philosophical Haiku characteristics and it reveals its features.


詩の特性は凝縮にある。ヴァレリーの言う通り、詩は巨大な叙事を極僅かな音の中に入れる。このような圧縮は拡散の可能性を持ち、拡散により直観の力を発揮する。圧縮の言語が持つ可能性を文学の核心であり、基礎であると捉えたバルトは、自身の最後の講義でこのような圧縮の力を強調した。これこそ俳句の可能性であり、メモのような、「書くこと」の準備のための出発点である。しかしバルトが指摘した俳句的な短詩形の力は日本文化だけでなく、東アジア文化圏における短詩にも内在する。  バルトの最後の講義で議論されている俳句の文学的イメージや哲学的価値の分析は、彼の思想や文学理論研究として、また俳句とそのイメージの受容と研究として要求される。この論文はバルトの最後の講義で論じられている俳句の特性を文学理論の研究及び哲学的議論という観点から分析した。本研究では「書くこと」についてのバルトの観点が、彼の俳句に対する理解と繋がっている構造が明らかにされるとともに、俳句に限らない短詩の可能性を看過しているという点が指摘されている。


1. 머리말
 2. 일본어 단시/하이쿠를 향한 시선
 3. 바르트와 하이쿠적 글쓰기의 특수성
 4. 맺으며


  • 이선윤 Lee, SunYoon. 고려대학교 글로벌일본연구원 HK연구교수, 일본근현대문학/문화


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