생명윤리법상 유전자검사의 허용기준에 관한 법적 논의


Legal Issues of Genetic Testing in Korean Bioethics and Safety Act


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New genomic information and technologies are leading to the development and use of genetic tests to identify inherited variations in human genes tha affect an individual’s health and disease risks. Genetic tests are performed for different purposes and at different points in an individual’s lifetime. We can categorize genetic tests into several types based on the purpose of the tests. Recently, Article 50 (Restrictions, etc. on Genetic Tests) of Bioethics and Safety Act was revised to allow genetic testing institution, not a medical institution, shall conduct a genetic test in connection with the prevention of a disease when the Ministry of Health and Welfare admits need. It is so called as DTC(Direct To Clients). So there is some discuss about the range of DTC. Although genetic testings are very useful to enhance human health,there are some potential risks when we use genetic testings. Genetic test can makes some ethical, legal problems like harm to genetic privacy, problems of genetic discrimination, and abortion. Especially, genetic test for physical appearance or character, which has no reliable scientific proof and is likely to mislead the testee, and in DTC the risk of above will be more serious.


Ⅰ. 시작하며
 Ⅱ. 유전자검사와 그 활용가능성
 Ⅲ. 현행법상 유전자검사의 허용기준
 Ⅳ. 유전자검사 DTC의 허용과 관련한 법적 문제
 Ⅴ. 마치며


  • 황만성 Hwang, Man-Seong. 원광대학교 법학전문대학원 부교수, 법학박사


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