人主語の使役文と非情物主語の使役文 -使役対象の意志性と出現事態を中心に-


인주어の사역문と비정물주어の사역문 -사역대상の의지성と출현사태を중심に-


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A lot of studies have focused on the classification of animate subject causative sentence, but relatively little attention was paid to differences in animate subject and inanimate subject. In this paper, It is analyzed animate subject causative and inanimate subject causative in concerned with causee’s volition and event types. This paper draws on a number of statistical sources and based on distribution investigationIn the data of same range, It is observed 809 examples of animate subject and 419 examples of inanimate subject. In the animate subject sentences there were 611 sentences of volitional verb derivation and 198 sentences of non-volitional verb derivation. And in the inanimate subject sentences there were 35 sentences of volitional verb derivation and 384 sentences of non-volitional verb derivation. Next it was investigated what kind of situation a volitional verb sentence and a non-volitional verb sentence expresses, and how the causee participates in the situation. In such a process I showed two sides of volition type, such as mental side and physical side. In the sentence of volitional verb derivation, the mental side to realize action, and the physical side to act are put together, so was not needed to distinguish the two sides. However, in the causative sentence which causee’ volition is weak and the sentence of non-volitional verb derivation, one of side becomes clearer among two sides, and it correlates with the meaning of the situation to express.


1. はじめに
 2. 前提
  2.1 用語および資料
  2.2 内容的な前提
  2.3 先行研究および問題の所在
  3.1 人が人に働き掛ける使役文
  3.2 非情物が人に作用する使役文
 4. 終わりに


  • 崔瑞暎 최서영. 韓国外国語大学 講師, 現代日本語文法専攻


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