The purpose of this study was to compare of tests for measuring maxi-mal exercise ability in elite swimmers. The high-school male elite swim-mers (n=17) were performed maximal exercise ability tests. The exper-imental method consisted of a crossover design at 1-week intervals with the swimming tests (field test, water VAMEVAL test, 200-m test, and 400-m test) in random order. It measured the heart rate, ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), and lactate level by physiological factors, and swimming velocity (SV), stroke rate (SR), and stroke length (SL) by me-chanical factors. The change of SV, SR, and SL in swimming tests was no significantly different. To compare tests, however, the lactate level and RPE in 200-m test was higher than water VAMEVAL test. The RPE of the 200-m and 400-m tests were higher than the field test and the wa-ter VAMEVAL test. Correlations showed between the field test and the 400-m test in heart rate and RPE. Moreover, a correlation observed be-tween the field test and 200-m test in heart rate. In this study, 200-m and 400-m tests were suit to apply the test methods for establishing the ex-ercise intensity appropriate for the underwater training of swimmers.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
CONFLICT OF INTEREST