Original Article

Effects of the combined PNF and deep breathing exercises on the ROM and the VAS score of a frozen shoulder patient : Single case study


Byung-Ki Lee

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This study was conducted to examine the influence of combined exer-cise using proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) and deep breathing exercise on range of motion (ROM) and visual analog scale (VAS) score in acute frozen shoulder patient. The subject of this study was woman complained disabilities in daily routine due as a frozen left shoulder. The exercise program was composed of 11 sessions and con-tinued four weeks. The program was composed of PNF and deep breathing exercise, and the subject was compared by passive ROM (shoulder flexion, abduction, and internal and external rotation) test and VAS score in shoulder movement before and after the exercise. The re-sults showed that patient who practiced this program, the ROM of the shoulder joint increased and the VAS score decreased. Thus, this pro-gram was shown to be effective in suppressing pain and increasing the ROM of the shoulder joint in acute frozen shoulder patient.


  Data analysis
  Results of ROM
  Results of VAS


  • Byung-Ki Lee Department of Physical Therapy, Daewon University College, Jecheon, Korea


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