프라바스타틴에서 SLCO1B1*15의 약동학적 영향 : 체계적 고찰 및 메타분석


Effect of SLCO1B1*15 on Pravastatin Pharmacokinetics : A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

김종윤, 나오토 나카가와, 윤현옥, 천부순, 유기연

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Background and objective: Pravastatin has been shown to have favorable risk-benefit profile when it is administered to hypercholesterolemic subjects to prevent cardiovascular events. However, subjects with impaired OATP1B1 activity may be more susceptible to pravastatin-induced muscle toxicity than subjects with normal OATP1B1 activity. A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the effect of SLCO1B1 genetic polymorphism on pharmacokinetics of pravastatin. Method: Medline® and Embase® were searched for relevant studies until July 2013. The search terms used were pravastatin AND (SLCO1B1 OR OATP1B1 OR LST1 OR SLC21A6) AND (gene OR genetic* OR genomic* OR pharmacogenet* OR pharmacogenom* OR polymorph*). Results: A metaanalysis of the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) of pravastatin in SLCO1B1*15 and SLCO1B1*1a/ *1a was conducted. Five studies met all the inclusion criteria and methodological requirements. There was no statistically significant difference in the AUC value between SLCO1B1*15 and SLCO1B1*1a/*1a (p=0.728). However, SLCO1B1*15 participants exhibited significantly higher AUC values than SLCO1B1*1b/*1b carriers (p<0.001). In case of SLCO1B1*15*15 carriers, they had significantly higher AUC value than SLCO1B1*1a/*1a subjects (p=0.002). Lastly, compared with to the subjects of SLCO1B1*1a/*1a, the carriers of heterozygous SLCO1B1*15 increased the AUC value of pravastatin statistically significantly in Asian population (p=0.014). Conclusion: The present meta-analysis suggests that subjects with SLCO1B1*15 are associated with increased AUC of pravastatin.


  Search Strategy
  Study Inclusion Criteria
  Exclusion Criteria
  Data Extraction and Quality Assessment
  Statistical Analyses
  Included Studies
  Sensitivity Analysis and Publication Bias


  • 김종윤 Jong Yoon Kim. 서울대학교병원 약제부
  • 나오토 나카가와 Naoto Nakagawa. 도호쿠대학병원 약제과
  • 윤현옥 Hyonok Yoon. 경상대학교 약학대학
  • 천부순 Pusoon Chun. 인제대학교 약학대학
  • 유기연 Ki Yon Rhew. 동덕여자대학교 약학대학


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