A Study on Haigakus of Northern Yamagata Prefecture


本郷民男, 權海珠

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There are 70 pieces of Haigakus in the northern Yamagata Prefecture. Most Haigakus are along the Mogami river. Owing to the heavy snow of Mt. Gassan, the surrounding region of the Mogami river was a suitable place in terms of transportation and traffic. Since Mt. Gassan is a religious mountain, there are some Haigakus around the climbing place called Nisigawamachi and there are 23 Haigakus at another climbing place called Syonaimachi. The oldest Higaku is one written in 1742 which is placed in the Japanese shrine Osikiriatako in Mikawamachi, and some old Haigakus exist in the other places. Though Haigakus in Yamagata Prefecture are old in ages and large in numbers, the level of Haigakus was low. There are many Maekugakus and some humble Haikus. Mino group has strong influence from the old times and the influence of Mitumorimikio has been strong since Meizi period. Anyhow, either of them is called common. Chyosui moved from Edo to Sakata, and he wrote some Haikus insisting 'Return to Basyo'. Sirao the master of Chyosui insisted the revival of Syohu at the 100 anniversary of Basyo's death. Mitumorimikio built Basyo the Japanese shrine at the 200 anniversary of Basyo's death and completed deification of Basyo. Mino group regarded Basyo as founder and tried to pass down Basyo's Haikus. Haizins in the northern Yamagata Prefecture recited Haikus and believed the teachings of masters came from Basyo. Those Haikus were inscribed in Haigakus and were dedicated to gods and Buddha.


Ⅰ. 序論
 Ⅱ. 本論
  1. 酒田市の俳額
  3.三川町の俳額-押切愛宕神社 前句額
  6. 尾花沢市の俳額
  10. 山形県北部の俳額のまとめ
 Ⅲ. 結論


  • 本郷民男 Hongoh, Tamio. 한국하이쿠연구원 연구위원
  • 權海珠 권해주. 경상대학교 교수


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