온라인 환경에서 친교욕구가 시민행동에 끼치는 영향


Examining the Impact of Online Friendship Desire on Citizenship Behavior

장윤정, 이소현, 김희웅

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In line with network technology development and smart device penetration, the social network service (SNS) has expanded its influence. The SNS which is a service based on communication and sharing among people, has grown based on users’ voluntary engagement and participation and its influence has appeared beyond the cyberspace into the overall areas of domestic and foreign culture and society. In particular, SNS-based real-time communication during diverse disasters, can help prevent further damage. By sharing information on social donation activities and environmental campaigns, people have used SNS as a tool to change the society in a more positive way. Such series of activities functioning as a power to change the society have been made much faster and wider through the help of a new media called SNS. To better understand such trends, we are required to study about the SNS and its user relationships first. In this context, this study sought to identify the effects of people’s desire to build friendships through SNS on the voluntary and society-friendly activities of people. This study considers online pro- social behavior and proposes online citizenship behavior. Citizenship behavior has been examined in organization context. That is, organizational citizenship behavior explains an employee’s pro-social behavior in an organization context. Organizational citizenship behavior is characterized by the individual’s helping others and promoting the functioning of the organization. By applying organizational citizenship behavior to an online context, we propose online citizenship behavior, an individual’s pro-social behavior in an online context. An individual’s pro- social behavior, i.e., online citizenship behavior, could be considered as a way for the better management of online community and society. It also needs to examine the development of online citizenship behavior. This study examined online citizenship behavior from the friendship desire. Because online society or community is characterized by online relationships between members, the friendship between members would lead to pro-social behavior, i.e., helping others and promoting the functioning of the online society, in such online context. This study further examines the antecedents of friendship desire in terms of SNS interactivity with its four factors. The findings based on the survey from real SNS users explain that the three factors of SNS interactivity (connectivity, enjoyment, and synchronicity) increases online friendship desire which then increases online citizenship behavior significantly. This study contributes to the literature by examining the key role of online friendship desire in leading to online citizenship behavior and identifying its antecedents in terms of SNS characteristics. The findings in this study also provide guidance on how to manage online society and how to promote the effective functioning of SNS.


 Ⅰ. 서론
 Ⅱ. 개념적 배경
  2.1 SNS 시민 행동
  2.2 SNS 친교 욕구
  2.3 상호작용성
  2.4 개념적 프레임워크
 Ⅲ. 연구 모형 및 가설
  3.1 연구 모형
  3.2 가설 설정
 Ⅳ. 연구 방법
  4.1 측정 항목 개발
  4.2 자료의 수집 및 표본 특성
 Ⅴ. 데이터 분석 및 가설 검증
  5.1 측정 항목의 분석
  5.2 가설 검증 및 결과
 Ⅵ. 연구 결과 및 의의
  6.1 연구 결과 토의
  6.2 연구의 한계 및 향후 연구 방향
  6.3 연구의 학술적/실무적 의의


  • 장윤정 Yoon-Jung Jang. Graduate School of Information, Yonsei University, Seoul Korea
  • 이소현 So-Hyun Lee. Graduate School of Information, Yonsei University, Seoul Korea
  • 김희웅 Hee-Woong Kim. Graduate School of Information, Yonsei University, Seoul Korea


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