오바마 정부의 동아시아 정책과 우리의 대응


The Obama Administration Policy to East Asia and the ROK's Security Policy to the U.S.


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It is expected that the 2nd Obama administration will continue to implement its rebalancing East Asian strategy. The U.S. perceives China's threat, North Korea nuclear and missile with Kim Jong-un regime instability and natural disaster due to global warming related to regional strategic assessment. The primary emphases for rebalancing Asia policy are given to reinforcing the relations with allies, strengthening the partnership with emerging countries, establishing stable, constructive and productive relationship with China, building a regional cooperation regime, and supporting the sustainable and prosperous regional economy in Asian-Pacific region. In particular, the U.S. attempts to retain strategic cooperative relationship with China through the annual strategic and economic dialogue to prevent potential conflict. The U.S. policy toward South Korea exemplifies the ROK-U.S alliance as a linchpin in Asian-Pacific region by demonstrating the global partnership in terms of energy, global warming, counter-WMD, and peace reconstruction. The 2nd Obama adminstration policy toward North Korea is characteristic of Miyanma model in the event of North Korea denuclearization as well as extended deterrence related to North Korea nuclear and missile threat. The U.S. will conduct the pre-planned transition of wartime operation control as of Dec 1, 2015 in accordance with the roadmap of the Strategic alliance 2015. And the U.S. will settle down the strategic flexibility of the USFK to cope with contingencies in the region. Finally, the U.S. will continue to emphasize the trilateral security cooperation among the U.S., South Korea and Japan. The Republic of Korea should achieve the perfect alliance model by demonstrating the security autonomous posture by implementing the transition of wartime operational control as the ROK-U.S. alliance contributed to the ROK industrialization and democratization. Second, the ROK should develop preemptive action and procure assets to implement the strategy. In that sense, the ROK should also establish kill-chain system and Korea Air Missile Defense System. Third, the ROK should pursue the Trilateral Strategic Talks with the U.S. and China to collectively deter North Korea provocation, induce North Kore to integrate the regional community as a responsible state and cope with North Korea contingency. Fourth, the ROK and the U.S. should proactively participate in joining the international consortium to improve the North Korean desperate economic difficulty through the cross-border economic development of the belt along the international boarder between China, North Korea and Russia.


 I. 들어가면서
 Ⅱ. 오바마 정부의 동아시아 전략환경 평가
 Ⅲ. 오바바 2기 정부의 동아시아 정책 전망
 Ⅳ. 오바마 2기 정부의 對한반도 안보정책 전망
 Ⅴ. 한국의 대응 방향
 Ⅵ. 끝내면서
 참고 문헌


  • 정경영 Chung, Kyung-Young. 동아시아국제전략연구소 소장


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