In this article, I examined the role of ‘Mandate of Heaven’ ideology in the Late Sui peasant rebellion. In the 2nd chapter, I mainly examined the 楊玄感 Yang-xuan-gan’s revolt, and in the 3rd chapter, 竇建德 Dou-Jian-de’s rebellion. At the Late Sui time, most rebellion leaders tried to justify their uprising by arguing the ‘Mandate of Heaven’ ideology, based on Confucian political thought. Such propaganda influenced the peasant and made the rebel group more strong and solid. If we have bird eye view to the history of chinese peasant movement, we can catch the special feature of late Sui’s case. In the late Han, peasant protesters led by religious group leaders, and after the Song dynasty peasant revolt leaders usually raised the economic issues. But in the Sui times, they justified their violence mainly by confucius ‘Mandate of Heaven’ ideology. That might be resulted from the diffusion of the confucius political culture to the low class society, which occurred in the long period of division, Wei-Jin-Nan-Bei-Chao dynasty times.
Ⅱ. 양현감(楊玄感)과 관료 지주층 반란의 명분
Ⅲ. 두건덕(竇建德)과 농민 반란의 명분