고대영어 동사-불변화사와 어순


Verb-Particle Constructions and Word Order in Old English


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The aim of this paper is to provide a unified account of Old English(OE) verb-particle orders that explains how particles in OE can precede or follow verbs in association with the main and subordinate clauses. In OE verb-particle combinations, pre-verbal and post-verbal particles both occur in OE main and subordinate clauses. However it is commonly accepted that in OE main clauses most particles are pre-verbal whereas in OE subordinate clauses particles can be pre-verbal or post verbal. Thus this OE verb-particle combination has been a difficult task to VO and OV phrase structure as well as Pintzuk(1999)'s hybrid INFL structure(INFL-final and INFL-medial). Based on the reinterpreted LCA that asymmetric c-command relations are intrinsically connected to linear order in PF, we propose that particles can be pre-verbal or post verbal in OE main and subordinate clauses by moving particles or verbs out of V in order to maintain asymmetric relations imposed by the reinterpreted LCA. In this account post-verbal particles in OE main clause can be best understood as due to the effects of a V2(Verb Second) rules. In subordinate clauses where there are no effects of V2 rules, it is assumed that particles can be pre-verbal or post-verbal by the reinterpreted LCA requirements


 1. 현대영어 불변화사
  1.1. 현대영어의 불변화사
  1.2. 고대영어의 불변화사
  1.3. 불변화사의 범주
 2. 불변화사와 어순
  2.1. 어순
  2.2 Pintzuk (1999, 2002)
  2.3. Roberts(1997)의 VO 어순방법
 3. 새롭게 해석된 어순공리
  3.1. 불변화사와 동사
  3.2. 어순공리의 재해석
  3.3. 어순공리에 따른 불변화사의 실제이동
  3.4. 고대영어 불변화사와 동사의 도출
 4. 결론


  • 김대익 Dae-Ik Kim. 영산대학교


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