Treaty of Lisbon was singed by the members of the European Union (here in after the ‘EU’) on 13 December 2007 and its ratification proceeding was ended by signing of Mr.Václav Klaus, the President of Česká republika. And Treaty of Lisbon came into effect On 1 December 2009.
The purpose of Treaty of Lisbon is not to create a new substitute to the EU but to enhance the integration among member States of the EU with succeeding the tradition in the EC system. Although several supranational elements were excluded by deleting the word “Constitution” and several relevant provisions from the draft, it is meaningful that this Treaty contains important systematic changes for stronger unification among European States. For instance Treaty of Lisbon substituted the word ‘Community’ to ‘Union’ in its text.
Although many member States are reluctant to shift their sovereign authorities to the Union, it is evaluated that Treaty of Lisbon successfully shift sovereign authorities from the member States to the Union in a certain degree to settle many problems in the Europe by the hands of the Union itself. For instance, Treaty of Lisbon strengthened the EU citizens’ participation to the relevant procedures in the EU system, and changed the decision-making process of the Union. In particular it is worth regarding that the Treaty gave stronger power to the European Parliament to intervene to concluding a treaty by a member State.
In those radical or revolutionary changes in the EU system, this article deals with the backgrounds of the Treaty, legal and systematic changes brought by the Treaty, and legal relations among the Union and its member States under Treaty of Lisbon regime.
Ⅱ. 리스본조약의 채택 배경
Ⅲ. 리스본조약상 법적 행위 체계의 개혁
1. 리스본조약상 법적 행위의 개념
2. 제정 방식에 따른 법적 행위의 분류
Ⅳ. EU의 변화와 회원국의 권한 관계
1. EU와 회원국의 기본적인 권한 관계
2. 배타적 권한
4. 특별한 공유권한
5. 지원, 협조 또는 보완하기 위한 조치를 실시할 권한