모든 시민의 자유와 평등을 위하여... - 중세 후기 정치언설의 맥락에서 본 레오나르도 브루니(Leondardo Bruni)의 이상 정치체제론 -


Ad libertatem paritatemque civium maxime omnium... - Leondardo Bruni's Idea of Ideal Goverment in the Context of Later Medieval Political Discourses -


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Ideological commitment of Leondardo Bruni (c.1370-1444), a representative figure of 15th-century Florentine humanism, has been increasingly subject to heated controversies. This is first of all due to ambivalence which is found in his works. On one hand, he appears a champion of civic republicanism, proclaiming free and equal participation of citizens in politics as preconditions for good government and denouncing other forms of government, first of all monarchy, as basically identical with tyranny. On the other hand, there are reasons to believe that in reality he had equally favorable notions about other forms of government, insofar as they served the security and welfare of their people. This ambivalence has divided commentators on Bruni's political thoughts. Was Bruni a pioneer of modern republican thinking? Or, was he a freelancer-typed writer who was ready to use his rhetorical skill for the interest of his hirers. While criticizing the anachronical assumptions underlying both of interpretations, this article argues that a key to Bruni's idea of ideal government can be found by putting it in the context of later medieval discourses on ideal rule and considering their features, first of all pragmatism and the sensitivity toward the particularities.


Ⅰ. 머리말
 Ⅱ. 한스 바론의 브루니
 Ⅲ. 중세 후기의 이상정부론과 브루니
 Ⅳ. 글을 마치며


  • 윤비 Bee YUN. Sungkyunkwan University


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