미국 교육감 선출제도의 특징과 시사점


Features of the US Direct Election System of the Educational Superintendent and Its Implications for the South Korean System

황아란, 박수정

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In analyzing the background and features of the US direct election system of the superintendent, this study is intended to present the implications of the US system for the Korean system. This study covers the following: firstly, the background of the US superintendent election system, the progressive era reforms from the late 19th century to the early 20th, and the characteristics of education reforms after 1980s; secondly, concrete contents and cases of the US non-partisan election, which is quite similar to the South Korean system, and the US running-mate system, which is recently considered as an alternative; thirdly, the implications of the US system for the Korean system. This study concludes with the recommendation that like the US current system that the authority of state governors has strengthened in order to enhance consistency and accountability of educational policies, the South Korean superintendent election system should be changed based on educational autonomy’s value and orientation.


 Ⅰ. 연구의 필요성 및 목적
 Ⅱ. 미국 교육감 선출제도의 배경
  1. 진보주의 개혁운동: 비당파성과 전문성
  2. 1980년대 이후 미국의 교육개혁: 효과성과 책임성
 Ⅲ. 미국의 교육감 선출제도
  1. 변화 추이 및 현황
  2. 미국의 교육감 주민직선제
 Ⅳ. 미국 교육행정체제의 비교 평가 및 주민직선제의 시사점
  1. 미국 교육행정체제의 비교 평가
  2. 미국 교육감 주민직선제의 시사점
 V. 결론


  • 황아란 Ah-Ran Hwang. 부산대학교 공공정책학부 교수
  • 박수정 Soo-Jung Park. 충남대학교 교육학과 교수


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