고대 메소포타미아문명과 고조선


The Study of the Relationships between Old Mesopotamian Civilization


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The Study of the Relationships between Old Mesopotamian Civilization and Old Joseon Kim, Chae-Su I studied on the titles of ‘Old Joseon’ and ‘Joseon’, the meaning of chinese ‘chaóxiān’ and its process of formation, the reality of Old Joseon, and etc. The conclusion is as the following. The Altai Civilization of the Central Asia which was formalized in the influence of Mesopotamian Civilization in Bronze Age, proceeding east with the northern steppe road of the Eurasian Continent made Liaohe Civilization occur in the Liaohe districts of the East Asian. The Old Joseon was established as a dynastic country with the Liaohe Civilization as its setting. When we think about the relationship between the Old Joseon and Mesopotamian Civilization in these perspectives, we can say that by going eastward with the northern steppe road on the Eurasian Continent it was formalized in the process of the Mesopotamian civilization in the bronze days It was about the twenty sixth century that the early bronze culture was formalized in Liaohe region under the influences of Altai bronze civilization which Mesopotamian bronze culture had made occurred. Before the Altai bronze civilization reached Liaohe districts these was the neolithic stone culture of Hongsan in the east side of Liaohe district at those days. Three affiliations of tribal people lived there with Hongsan culture as the setting when the Altai bronze civilization reached there. After two or three centuries, a union state of tribal people occurred in the east side of Liaohe district. After that it developed into an dynastic country what we called Tankun Joseon at around 2330 year B.C.. It was established with the Sienpi people as the lower part and with the Yeomaeg people as the top part. The Sienpi people came from the southern Mongol district, and they entered the west side of Liaohe region. The Yeomaeg people came from Ashu region of northern Mesopotamia area. They entered the west-northern side of Liaohe through the Altai district. Since the East-North Project was formed, Chinese scholars of chinese old history have been rewriting their Chinese history of the old age in the perspective of Whanghe Civilization into that of it in the perspective of Liaohe Civilization. But we know that the Old Joseon Country was established for the first time at the Liaohe districts by our Korean people.


 제1장 서의 고대 메소포타미아문명과 중앙의 알타이 및 동의 요하문명
  1. 고대의 메소포타미아문명과 알타이문명
  2. 고대 알타이문명과 요하문명 및 황하문명
  3. 요하문명의 주역
 제2장 명칭 고조선(古朝鮮)과「조선」
  1. 한국 문헌에서의 고조선 이란 명칭과 그 의미
  2. 중국 문헌에서의「조선」(朝鮮)의 명칭
 제3장 중국어「조선」(朝鮮)의 의미와 그 형성 경위
  1. 초출문헌 『관자』(管子)의 『조선』(朝鮮)이란 명칭의 의미
  2. 중국어「조선」(朝鮮)의 의미
  3. 메소포타미아분명의 동진과 「아사달」의 성립 경위


  • 김채수 Kim, Chae-Su. 고려대학교 일어일문학과 교수


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