고려인문학에 나타난 꼴호즈(колхоз)의 기능 -꼴호즈와 고향만들기


The Function of a Kolkhoz(колхоз) in Soviet-Korean Literature


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It seems that Soviet-Korean literature and Korean literature is taking quite different positions. But, Soviet-Korean literature and Korean modern literature had a deep affinity in the emigrant-literature(in the latter era of the Joseon Dynast). Most of Soviet-Koreans(Корейцы, koresarami) are the proletariat. They emigrated to Russia, looking for ‘a land of milk and honey’. Soviet-Koreans were independent life in Soviet Kolkhoz(колхоз). Soviet-Koreans punished the landed class in a kolkhoz policy of Soviet. As a result, they were able to possessed a landed property. And, the life of regional community in a kolkhoz is not out of the ordinary life. Kolkhoz was recognized a hometown. Korean emotion of Soviet-Koreans entirely have reformed Soviet in national policy. Soviet-Koreans, in this place, aggressively Joined, too. According to policy of the Communists, that area of wasteland was transformed into a kolkhoz(Hometown). Despite policy of Soviet, the kolkhoz became the real paradise to Soviet-Koreans. They constructed a hometown subjectively in spite of the repressive government policy. In conclusion, the kolkhoz is hometown in Soviet-Korean Literature. And, that serves many important functions with spatial background of the many Soviet-Korean Literature. In the same way, kolkhoz was recognized a hometown in Soviet-Korean Literature, kolkhoz life was ordinary. The children grew in kolkhoz, and leaved for a metropolis. The children succeed in a metropolis, and then, they tried to bring their parents to the metropolis. But, the kolkhoz was hometown to their parents’ generation. Because of this, the parents were in discord with the generation to come, which includes their children. These Soviet-Koreans life became a part of daily life. There’s life is not a stranger any more in CIS(the Commonwealth of Independent States). To diaspora, kolkhoz is the last bastion and space of vital importance to the welfare of Soviet-Koreans


1. 문제 제기: 고려인문학과 꼴호즈
 2. 고려인 디아스포라의 출현과 고향만들기
 3. 꼴호즈가 고향으로 인식되는 과정
 4. 꼴호즈의 삶과 고향의식
 5. 나오며


  • 임형모 Im, Hyeong-Mo. 군산대 강의교수


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