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보로부두르 대탑의 佛傳 圖像


Iconography on the Reliefs of the Life Story of Buddha in Chandi Borobudur

보로부두르 대탑의 불전 도상


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The Chandi Borobudur was likely constructed around 800 AD, during the period of the Sailendra dynasty in central Java, Indonesia. The Chandi Borobudur have 1460 narrative panels of reliefs which are distributed from the hidden foot to the fourth gallery. The 160 panels show various scenes of actions producing the corresponding results according to the Karmavibhanga(分別善 惡報應經) text. Blameworthy activities with their purgatorial punishments and praiseworthy activities with their subsequent rewards are both shown. The 120 panels depict the biography of Buddha according to the Lalitavistara (方廣大莊嚴經) text. The 620 panels depict stories from Jatakas (本生譚) and Avadanas (譬喩經). The stories of 560 panels are based on Mahayayana (入法界品, 488 panels) and Bhadrucari (普賢行願讚, 72 panels) of Gandavyuha (華嚴經) text. In this study, among the 120 narrative reliefs which tell the life story of Buddha according to the Lalitavistara text in Chandi Borobudur, the images of Birth of Siddhārtha(誕生), The Great Departure (出家), Attaintment of Enlightenment (成道) and The First Sermon (初轉法輪) have been compared with the images of biography of Buddha showing in Ancient India, Gandhara and South India, and China. From a historical perspective of cultural exchange, Borobudur is very important site because it is located on the south route of transmission of Buddhism from India to South Asia, China, Korea and Japan. Study on the reliefs sculptured on the wall of Chandi Borobudur provide us information to understand the process of spreading and changes in styles of Buddhist arts.


Ⅰ. 머리말
 Ⅱ. 보로부두르 대탑의 사상적 배경과 구조
 Ⅲ. 보로부두르 대탑의 탄생 도상
  3.1. 태몽
  3.2. 탄생과 七步
 Ⅳ. 보로부두르 대탑의 출가 도상
 Ⅴ. 보로부두르 대탑의 항마성도 도상
 Ⅵ. 보로부두르 대탑의 초전법륜 도상
 Ⅶ. 맺음말


  • 유근자 Geun Ja YOO. (사)한국미술사연구소 책임연구원, 동국대학교 강사.


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