Many activities are going on in the field of disasters not only for helping disaster victims recover from damages caused by disasters but also for raising relief donations to console the victims. One of important issues related to the distribution of relief donations is the construction of an efficient support system for improving current relief donation distribution, setting new directions to of relief donation distribution programs for various relief activities, and criteria, methods and operation for the fair and quick distribution of relief donations. Based on problems in the Korean relief donation management system, this study examined the background and systems of relief donation distribution in the U.S. and Japan and conducted a case study in order to suggest strategies for the efficient distribution of relief donations in Korea. Based on the results of this study, we suggested future tasks for improving the efficiency of relief donation distribution in Korea as follows: First, establishing rational criteria for relief donation distribution. Second, improving the direct support systems of relief donations. Third, improving efficiency related to indirect support. In addition, this study suggested short- and long-term improvements including the continuity of cash support, the necessity of emergency relief support, the preparation of long-term plans, the institutionalization of relief donation distribution, and the diversification of relief services contents.
본 연구는 한국의 재해의연금 지원체계의 개선방향을 모색하고자, 미국과 일본의 재해의연금 지급체계에 대하여 정부의 개입방식, 기탁자의 의사 반영, 의연금의 사용, 지원체계의 네 가지 차원으로 구분하여 분석을 실시하였다. 분석에 사용된 자료는 인터뷰 조사를 통하여 수집하였으며, 이를 토대로 국내의 의연금 지원제도 상에서 적용한 가능한 지원체계의 발전방향을 제시하고자 하였다. 특히, 의연금 지급 원칙의 수립 필요성과 방향, 지원방법과 내용의 개선과제를 제안하였다.
II. Background Theories
1. Meanings and characteristics of relief donations
2. Principles of disaster relief donation distribution
3. Review of previous studies
III. Case Study: Donation Support Systems in the U.S. and Japan
1. Comparative Study on U.S. and Japan
2. Implications for Korea
IV. Future Directions for Improving the Relief Donation Support System