Protecting Maritime Global Critical Infrastructure : Oil Spill Disaster in the Strait of Malacca and Singapore




The purpose of this article is to search for and suggest the implications to protect the Straits of Malacca and Singapore compared with the case of a maritime global critical infrastructure protection from the Hebei Sprit oil spill disaster in Korea. This paper suggests some meaningful measures for protecting the Strait of Malacca from the oil spill as follows; First, an international organization for protecting the strait's security has to be established among neighboring countries or in a global society. Second, a global emergency fund must be created for prevention/mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery of oil spill disasters in the strait. Third, we need a collaborative manual for rapid response, collaborative clean-up, effective recovery, etc. Fourth, in the case of protecting the global critical infrastructure, it is necessary that the financial burden for managing the oil spill disaster be reduced to some main agents. So, all the participants concerned can participate in the disaster management and provide the financial expense to the international organization. Fifth, joint training & exercises are necessary for the mutual trust and understanding among the agents. Finally, cleaning up the oil on the seashore is a dangerous job, therefore trained volunteers are needed especially during a crisis.


 Critical Infrastructures and Oil Spill
  From National to Global Critical Infrastructure
  Transportation and Maritime Shipping Infrastructure
 Hebei Spirit Oil Spill Disaster in Korea
  Overview and Collision Situation
  Government Efforts
  Special Disater Area and Damage
  International Cooperation
  Volunteer Work
  Damage Claims for Compensation
 Measures for Managing the Straits’ Security
  International Organization for Protecting the Strait's Security
  Global Fund
  Collaborative Manual
  Burden Sharing
  Joint Training & Exercise
  Trained Volunteer


  • Jae Eun Lee Chungbuk National University, Korea


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