룰라 정부 시기 브라질 파업 운동의 특징과 전망


Strike movement during the Lula government in Brazil : characteristics, trends, and prospects


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This paper examines the strike movement of the Brazilian labor during the Lula government focusing mostly on 2003-2009 years. During these years Brazilian strike movement showed some characteristics which include 1) number of strikes was rather stable throughout the Cardoso and Lula governments, or strikes during the Lula government were less than those under the Carsdoso government 2) strikes during the Lula government were propositive (or offensive), that is, demanding new benefits rather than trying to preserve the existing rights and benefits 3) higher salary and job security were the main driving forces of the strike movement 4) traditional characteristics of the labor movement have not changed very much in terms of sectoral and geographical distribution of the strke acitivities. This paper argues that first, subdued role of the formerly radical CUT resulting from its turn toward more practical stance and second, economic growth contributed to rather stable featrues of the Strike movements during the Lula government. Pro-government political stance of the major peak labor organizations helped avoid politicization of the strike movement while their modest and practical nature have allowed labor unions to mobilize workers just enough to fight for the material benefits. Economic growth and increase of sales allowed car maker to accommodate some of the labor demands. At the same time, radical groups who deserted CUT made some impact due to its unyielding posture toward the companies while failing to expand their influence.


Ⅰ. 들어가는 말
 Ⅱ. 단체교섭의 변천과 최근의 변화
 Ⅲ. 파업 운동의 분석
  1. 파업 발생 추이
  2. 파업의 원인
  3. 파업의 성격
  4. 파업의 성과
 Ⅳ. 완성차 부문 파업 운동
  1. 룰라 정부 시기 자동차 산업의 성장
  2. 자동차 산업 구조조정과 노사관계
  3. 2000년대 완성차 업체 파업 동향
 Ⅴ. 결론


  • 오삼교 Oh, Sam-Gyo. 위덕대학교 경찰행정학과


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