This thesis briefly shows the life of lay practitioners and renunciant practitioners appearing from the Buddha’s period through the early Mahayana Buddhism. In addition, it examines the recognition of Master Heodang, the founder of Jingak Buddhist Order, regarding the two groups.
The Buddha preached the completeness of faith, precept, almsgiving, and wisdom to the laity, on the other hand, the perfection of the precepts, samādhi, and wisdom to the clergy. Likewise, the Buddha's teachings were separately emphasized: the complete faith and charity for lay followers; the perfect samādhi for renunciant monks. Furthermore, even if the perfection of precept and wisdom was equally discoursed to the two groups, the contents of teachings were kept in a different shape and depth. It was attributed to their different goals to attain in conformity with their basic capacities. In this sense, it can be said that the realms of two groups were strictly classified, and their respective roles were underscored for the maintenance and development of the Buddhist community.
본 논문은 부처님 당시부터 초기 대승불교까지 나타난 재가와 출가에 대해 간략하게 살펴보았다. 그리고 대한불교진각종을 창종하신 회당대종사의 재가와 출가에 대한 인식을 또한 살펴보았다.
Ⅱ. 재가와 출가의 역사적 의미
Ⅲ. 회당의 재가와 출가에 대한 인식
1. 교화방편문으로서의 재가문과 출가문
2. 이원진리로서의 재가문과 출가문
3. 바람직한 교단의 모습
Ⅳ. 나오는 말