룰라 정부 하 브라질 노동정치 : 신자유주의적 민주정부와 노동운동의 온건화


Labor politics during the Lula government in Brazil: neoliberalism, democracy and the hegemony of moderate labor movement


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This paper examines the labor politics during the Lula government of Brazil. Since the inauguration of the Lula government in 2003, cooptation policy of the government toward labor and the moderation of the CUT, the previously combative peak labor organization, has created political hegemony of moderate labor forces in Brazil. The question is whether this change is temporary due to the moderation of CUT for political reasons or rather of a lasting nature due to the change in the strategic choice of CUT in the era of neoliberalism. This paper argues that CUT's moderation is not simply because the CUT share common historical roots with the Lula government but rather reflects the strategic choices made during 1990s which focus on the expansion of institutional participation and the alliance with other social movements to enhance its representative ability toward the state and the capital. CUT's orientation has changed from radical confrontation against the Brazilian economic system to the establishment of political hegemony of the working class.


Ⅰ. 들어가는 말
 Ⅱ. 룰라 정부의 노동정책
  1. 신자유주의 정책의 지속
  2. 룰라 정부의 유연화 정책
  3. 노동개혁 - 정상조직 법제화
  4. 노조 접근 정책
 Ⅲ. 룰라 정부 하 브라질 노동운동의 변화
  1. 노동운동 지형 변화
  2. CUT의 온건화
  3. CUT와 FS의 접근
  4. 급진 좌파의 CUT 탈퇴
 Ⅳ. 신자유주의 시대 노동운동의 변화
  1. 신자유주의 도입과 정착
  2. 노조 동원 능력의 위축
 Ⅴ. CUT의 신자유주의 대응전략
  1. 부문협의회와 협상을 통한 유연화
  2. 제안노조운동과 시민노조운동
  3. 헤게모니 쟁투 전략
 Ⅵ. 결론


  • 오삼교 Oh, Sam-Gyo. 위덕대학교 경찰행정학과


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