The fate of filial piety in modern China is a relatively rough. "54" campaign period, with the era concern for the Enlightenment and national salvation, the intellectuals have been strongly criticized "filial piety" in the course of "Down-Confucianism". After the establishment of new China in 1949, the tradition of filial piety has been negated by the mainstream ideology for long time. By the'90s, the thoughts of promoting filial piety are rising in the civil society of China. In our view, the main value of traditional filial piety in contemporary Chinese society as follows: first of all, helping to solve the problem of social support for the old secondly, good for the promotion of parent-child, intergenerational and social harmony thirdly, helping to promote the contemporary social morality construction, the civilians’moral quality and social responsibility at last, helping to build the spirit home of the Chinese nation and enhancing the cohesion of the Chinese nation. Promotion of the filial piety needs to mobilize all social forces. Each of us, regardless of age and sex, should start from me and from now to be filial and support the old, respect and please the old , cultivate self and be responsible, be patriotic and prosper the nation.